Reflective practices, such as journaling, coaching, and narrative stories, represent some of the newer approaches to adult learning and have been identified as a particularly important tool for transformative learning. Reflective practices have also been identified as a critical component of leader development in that they aid in the creation and clarification of a leader’s self-identity; a central consideration in designing evidence-based leadership programs and curricula. This white paper examines the benefits of reflective practices and the evidence-basis for their use in consideration of various learning theories. Cultural and technological implications, developmental characteristics, instructional, assessment, and communication methodologies are briefly explored. Finally, reflective practices are considered in a special case of adult learning— leader development—with implications for facilitating deeper learning and leader self-identity refinement and clarification that are increasingly being cited as the “next wave” of leadership development.